Japan Core Machinery Orders Fall More than Expected, Fuel Economic Uncertainty

REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon/File Photo
A worker is seen in front of facilities and chimneys of factories at the Keihin Industrial Zone in Kawasaki, Japan September 12, 2018.

TOKYO (Reuters) – Japan’s core machinery orders fell more than expected in January on the back of a weak manufacturing sector, data showed on Monday, prompting the government to downgrade its view on the indicator for the first time in more than a year.

The data, released on Monday by the Cabinet Office, follows recent data that highlighted concerns about the sluggish recovery in the world’s fourth-biggest economy.

It comes as the Bank of Japan (BOJ) kicks off its two-day monetary policy meeting, although core machinery orders data is unlikely to have a significant bearing on the central bank’s decision, according to an economist.

Core orders, a highly volatile data series regarded as a leading indicator of capital spending in the six to nine months ahead, fell 1.7% in January from the previous month, the data showed.

The decline was bigger than a 1.0% drop expected by economists in a Reuters poll and followed a 1.9% gain in December.

Weak production against a backdrop of weak demand for goods and production suspension at automakers and uncertainty over the impact of the New Year’s Day earthquake in Noto Peninsula might have motivated manufacturers to push back capital investment, said Kota Suzuki, an economist at Daiwa Securities.

“The risk of a slowdown in future capital investment will be significant,” Suzuki said.

The government lowered its view of machinery orders for the first time since November 2022, changing to “showing some weakness” from “stalling.”

It made the downward revision after factoring in the October-December three-month average on the data, a Cabinet Office official said.

On a year-on-year basis, core orders, which exclude volatile numbers from shipping and electric utilities, contracted 10.9%, slightly smaller than the forecast 11.2% slump.

By sector, orders from manufacturers was down 13.2% in January from the previous month, dragged by chemicals industries and motor vehicles.

It was unclear whether irregularities in certification tests by Toyota Motor’s affiliate Toyota Industries had any impact, the Cabinet Office official said.

Service-sector orders grew 6.5%.


Bigger than expected pay hikes by major Japanese firms have significantly heightened the chance the Japanese central bank will end its negative interest rate policy at the meeting ending on Tuesday.

An end to negative short-term rates would be Japan’s first interest rate hike since 2007. Suzuki of Daiwa Securities said that as capital investment on an actual basis is still firm, any impact from Monday’s data on BOJ’s decision will be limited.

Policymakers and the government, though, have pointed out pockets of weakness in economy.

BOJ Governor Kazuo Ueda said last week the economy was recovering but also showing some signs of weakness, slightly toning down his assessment from January.

Japan’s economy avoided a technical recession at the end of last year, revised government data showed, even though the upward change in the fourth quarter was weaker than expected.