Sri Lankan president: China cannot use southern port for military purposes

The Yomiuri Shimbun
Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe is interviewed at the President’s House in Colombo on Sunday.

COLOMBO — China will not be allowed to use the southern Sri Lankan port of Hambantota for military purposes, Sri Lankan President Ranil Wickremesinghe said in his first interview with the Japanese media since taking office.

“We do not want Hambantota to be used for military purposes,” Wickremesinghe, 73, said Sunday in an exclusive interview with The Yomiuri Shimbun at the President’s House in Colombo. His statement was apparently aimed at allaying fears in India and the United States about China’s increasing maritime presence in the Indo-Pacific.

Wickremesinghe was speaking ahead of the arrival of a Chinese research ship, which docked at Hambantota on Tuesday.

The port was developed as part of China’s Belt and Road Initiative, but Colombo leased the port to Beijing in 2017 because it became unable to pay back the loan.

Wickremesinghe emphasized that there was no problem with loaning the port to China, saying, “This is nothing new.” He pointed out that countries such as Australia and South Africa have also leased harbors.

The Hambantota port was funded largely by Chinese interest loans. According to official data from the Sri Lankan government, China is Sri Lanka’s largest provider of foreign debt. Struggling to repay what it owes, Colombo has leased the southern port to Chinese state-owned enterprises for 99 years.

Sri Lanka can be said to have fallen into a debt trap, sinking deeply into debt before effectively handing over the port’s control to China.

India, the United States and other countries are concerned that Hambantota port, which is a key traffic hub in the Indo-Pacific, could become a military foothold for China.

“The present ship [scheduled to dock Tuesday] did not come under the category of military. [It] came under the category of a research ship. That is how [we] permitted the ship to come to Hambantota,” Wickremesinghe said, indicating his stance to maintain certain ties with China.

Sri Lanka is in a serious economic crisis due to a shortage of foreign currency. The president said he intended to finalize talks with the International Monetary Fund over a bailout by the end of August.

“We will also start the discussions with our creditors … China, India and Japan are the largest creditors,” he said.

Wickremesinghe was elected president on July 20, following the resignation of former President Mahinda Rajapaksa, who fled the country amid the turmoil caused by the economic crisis.


Ranil Wickremesinghe, Sri Lankan president

Ranil Wickremesinghe became a lawyer in 1972 and was first elected to parliament in 1977.
He served as prime minister a total of six times between 1993 and 2022, and helped bring an end to Sri Lanka’s more than 25-year civil war.
The Sinhalese, who make up about 70% of the population, were at odds with the Tamils, who comprise about 20%. Beginning in the 1980s, a civil war was fought between the Sinhalese-dominated government forces and the Tamil armed opposition Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE).
Wickremesinghe signed a ceasefire agreement between the two sides in 2002 when he was prime minister. However, he and Sri Lanka’s then president opposed each other over the ensuing peace talks.
Trying to achieve peace, Wickremesinghe ran for president in 2005 but was defeated by Mahinda Rajapaksa, who was tough on the LTTE. The civil war ended in 2009 under Rajapaksa’s administration.